The World’s sailing warships, naval training ships, and replicas

This page includes naval sail training vessels (normally operated by a navy), sailing replicas, and stationary replicas (including on land) that are reasonable facsimiles of warships. This page currently includes 142 views of 113 sailing ships. Ships are organized based on the country the original ship was from, not where they are now or where the replicas exist. We include merchant ships armed with more than a couple of cannon, as in the 16th-18th centuries merchant ships could participate in naval combat, and be drafted into naval service. This was especially the case with the British, Dutch and Swedish heavily-armed merchant ships designed for the East Indies passages. Measurements of length -“LOA”- are overall length from the taffrail or transom, or projecting spar at the stern to tip of the bowsprit or jib-boom.* Many of the naval sail training ships below can also be found under their relevant naval pages in the arrangement in the menu, usually under the auxiliaries sub-pages. For a less serious look at some creative “pirate ships” see our Shipsearcher Pirate Navy / Armada of Doom pages.

Algerian Navy

EL Mellah (2017) LOA 361′ / 110 m TDISP unknown

El Mellah 938, built in Gdynia, Poland Credit: Ingrid Feske / CC BY-SA

EL Mellah sail training ship mers el kebir 2018

Argentine Navy

Libertad Sail Training Ship (1963) LOA 340′ / 103.6 m TDISP 3,700 tons

ARA Libertad ca. 2003. Credit: Insider (derivate work)Żeglarz (original) /CC BY-SA

Libertad Sail training ship Puerto Belgrano 2019


Mercator (1932) LOA 255′ / 77.7 m TDISP 770 tons. three-masted barquentine. Sail training and scientific ship for Belgian Navy 1951-1965 when she became a museum ship.

Mercator at Ostend, ca. 1999. Credit:, CC BY 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Mercator Ostend 2019

Brazilian Navy

Cisne Branco Sail Training Ship (1999) LOA 249′ / 75.9 m TDISP unkown

Cirne Branco 1024px-DJI_0009_(27712186674)
Cisne Branco, 2016 this is the kind of overhead imagery we would like! Marinha do Brasil / CC BY-SA

Cisne Branco RIO 2019

British Ships (English Navy, Royal Navy, armed merchant ships)

Golden Hinde (1973) LA 125′ / 38.1 m TDISP 150 tons. 22 cannon. Replica of the Sir Francis Drake’s famous galleon, originally known as Pelican, which circumnavigated the World. 1578-1580, and brought a fortune in plunder back to Queen Elizabeth. It was placed on public exhibition, as one of the first museum ships, until it deteriorated around 1650.

Golden Hinde, London, 1974. Credit: Wolfgang Fricke, CC BY 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Golden Hinde replica London 2018Golden Hinde replica London 2003

Golden Hinde replica (1988) LOA 90′ / 27.4 m Brixham, Devon. Built to replace a previous replica that had sunk under tow.

Golden Hinde, the second replica at Brixham, 2009. Credit: Nilfanion, CC BY-SA 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Golden Hinde replica Brixham 2007

Susan Constant (possibly named Sarah Constant) replica (1989) LOA 116′ / 35.4 m TDISP 190 tons. Replica of one of the three ships that brought settlers to found the Jamestown Settlement in the Colony of Virginia 1606-1607. Susan Constant is the larger ship replica at the settlement today. This modest merchant vessel appears to be at least pierced for about 8 guns, and has swivels. Her fate is unknown after 1615.

Susan Constant US NAVY photo
A US Navy patrol vessel sails alongside the Susan Constant, as the three replicas from Jamestown transit the James River, near Newport News, VA, 2007. U.S. Navy photo 070424-N-2100S-061 by Mass Communication Specialist Seaman David Shen.

Susan Constant replica Jamestown VA 2016

Mayflower II replica (1957) LOA 110′ / 33.5 m TDISP 200 tons replica built in Devon, England. The original Maylower merchant ship (ca. 1600- 1624) transported the Pilgrims to Plymouth Colony. Armed with a variety of light cannons, with about 8 gunports, as many as two stern-chasers, and deck swivel guns. Berthed at Plymouth, Massachusetts.

Maylower II at Plymouth MA, 2015. Credit: Giorgio Galeotti, CC BY 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Mayflower II Plymouth 2021

Mayflower replica (2017-2021) LOA 100′ / 30.5 m creative replica for burning to raise charitable funds. The community builds replica buildings and ships every five years, and burns them after fundraising. This “big burn” occurred a year late, in August 2021. Mayflower was built out of discarded wood pallets and other scraps. In 2005, a larger replica HMS Victory was set alight! Mayflower burning ship Great Torrington UK 2020

Hector replica (2000) of a pre-1750 Dutch-built Fluyt or the later Bootschip. LOA 125′ / 38.1 m TDISP 300 tons. Pictou Nova Scotia. Carried Scottish settlers to NS in 1773. The ship is currently undergoing a major rebuild, which may alter the general arrangement.

Hector, ca. 2012, showing the distinctive Dutch origins, with the traditional fluyt sheer and curvature to the bow and stern. Credit: Dennis Jarvis from Halifax, Canada, CC BY-SA 2.0 , via Wikimedia Commons


Hector AC 2019-1
Hector, Pictou NS, July 2019. Soon after she was taken out of the water for a major refit. Credit:

Hector replica Pictou NS

Grand Turk (1997) replica, LOA 152′ / 46.3 m renamed Etoile du Roy in 2010 and transferred to Saint-Malo, France. This was reportedly based on the lines of the 6th rate ship HMS Blandford (1741) a modified example of a 1719 Establishment 24-gun ship. Blandford was not technically a frigate, but a small two-decker, with a few gunports and sweep ports along the lower gundeck. The replica was built without these features, resulting in a ship that was for all intents and purposes is a small frigate.

Etoile du Roy now based at Saint-Malo, France, 2017 [cropped]. Credit: Ibex73, CC BY-SA 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Etoile du Roy - ex-Grand Turk replica St. malo FR 2018

HM Bark Endeavour LOA 150′ / 45.7 m replica (1994) of Captain James Cook’s exploration vessel, a converted Whitby collier “Earl of Pembroke” built in 1764, sold out of the service in 1775, and scuttled during the American Revolutionary War in 1778 at Newport, RI. Located at the Australian National Maritime Museum, Sydney.

Endeavour replica at Whitehaven Harbour, UK, 2004. Credit: Peter Eckersley / Endeavour, Whitehaven harbour

HM Bark Endeavour replica Sydney Aus 2015

HM Bark Endeavour replica (1999) Now located at Whitby, England, where the original collier was built. Not a sailing replica, but full scale. LOA 150′ / 45.7 m was used as a venue and local attraction at Stockton-on-Tees and then moved to Whitby, to become a museum ship.

HM Bark Endeavour replica Whitby 2018HM Bark Endeavour replica Stockton-on-Tees 2008

Whitby is also home to a half size or smaller sailing replica, that does excursions to nearby Sansend Beach.HM Bark Endeavour replica model Whitby 2018

HMS Surprise (1970 as HMS Rose) LOA 170′ / 51.8 m Built 1970 Lunenburg, NS. Originally called HMS Rose, a replica of a 1757 Century 20-gun sixth-rate. Built in the Smith and Rhuland shipyard, the hull form was modified, making the ship able to point higher into the wind. This ship was “converted” to HMS Surprise, from the Patrick O’Brien novels, early in the 2000s. This involved some superficial updates to resemble a larger Napoleonic-era frigate. In 2010 she played the HMS Providence in Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides.

HMS Rose ca. 2000. Credit: Richard Watson, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

HMS Surprise museum tall ship San Diego 2008

HMS Surprise 2011 at San Diego. Credit: Port of San Diego from San Diego, CA, CC BY 2.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

HMS Victory, 104 cannon First-Rate ship of the line (1765 – still in commission) LOA 316′ / 96.3 m TDISP 3,500 tons

HMS Victory portsmouth 1945
HMS Victory, raising the yards in August 1945 © IWM (A 30810)
HMS Victory 1765 Portsmouth 2020
HMS Victory showing the 2015 updates to the paint. Research revealed that the yellow/orange strakes on the hull were a 20th Century interpretation of the original hull colour at the time of Trafalgar, and that the true colour was a lighter shade, a very light terracotta colour.

HMS Victory 1765 Portsmouth 2007

HMS Victory 1765 Portsmouth 2014
This 2014 view shows HMS Victory now having her upper masts and jib-boom removed.

Armed Sloop Welcome (1980) replica of an American Revolutionary War-era converted merchant sloop that was armed by the British at Mackinaw City. LOA 80′ / 24.4 m TDISP 45 tons. Pierced for 10 guns. 

Welcome sloop Mackinaw Michigan 2019 modwind class

HMAV (HM Armed Vessel) Bounty replica (1960-2012) LOA 170′ / 51.8 m TDISP 409 tons. In RN service 1787-1790, when she was stripped and burned by the mutineers. Original was the merchant ship Bethia (1784). This first replica was built Lunenburg NS for the 1963 Mutiny on the Bounty movie starring Marlon Brando. Homeported for many years first at Fall River, MA, then at Greenport, NY, but usually wintered in Saint Petersburg, FL. Sunk in Hurricane Sandy off North Carolina Oct. 2012 with the tragic loss of two lives.

Bounty seen visiting Halifax, NS, during the late 1980s or early 1990s. At this time she was lovingly maintained by the Fall River, Massachusetts based Tall Ship Bounty Foundation. Credit:


Bounty’s headrails, bows, and figurehead, seen while visiting Halifax. Credit:


Bounty at Tall Ships, Halifax, 2012, with George’s Island in the background. By this time the area around the headrails and hawseholes had been radically simplified with a square metal patch, and the ship was now painted a dark green. Credit: gLangille from Canada, CC BY 2.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Bounty replica st. Petersburg FL 2005

HMS/HMAV Bounty replica (1978-2018) LOA 135′ / 41.1 m TDISP 387 tons. New Zealand-built replica used in the 1984 film, which conformed more closely to the original dimensions of the 1784 Bethia/HMAV Bounty. This replica was based for a long time at the Circular Quay and the National Maritime Museum, Sydney, Australia, until late 2007. Later an attraction in Discovery Bay, Hong Kong, where she was decommissioned and sold on to new Thai ownership in late 2017. She is now deteriorating South of Bangkok.

Bounty replica in the same dock as the below capture, early 2007 at the National Maritime Museum, Sydney. Credit: User:Bukvoed, CC BY-SA 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Bounty replica Sydney 2007 Bounty replica Hong Kong 2017Bounty replica Hong Kong 2009

HM Armed Survey Vessel Lady Nelson (1990s replicas of a 1799-1825 ship that surveyed Australian waters) LOA 90’/27.4 m TDISP 60 tons. One sailing replica built by Tasmanian Sailing Association at Hobart’s Elizabeth St. Pier, and one stationary replica in poor condition at Mount Gambier ( mounted at the visitors center)

HMAV Lady Nelson RAN-IFR_2013_D3_149
Replica of Lady Nelson at Sydney Harbour Royal Australian Navy International Fleet Review, 2014. Credit: Saberwyn, CC BY-SA 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

HM survey Lady Nelson replica Hobart 2019HM survey Lady Nelson replica mount gambier 2009

HMS Pickle (1990s) LOA 98′ / 29.9 m TDISP 50 tons. Replica of the 1800 schooner that brought back news to England of the victory at the 1805 Battle of Trafalgar and the death of Admiral Horatio Nelson. Originally Alevtina & Tuy, a Grumant 58 replica of a Af Chapman-designed Baltic packet built in St. Petersburg in the 1990s, but represented Pickle at the 2005 bicentenary commemorations, converted with new decorations at stern and bows, and gunports. Moored at the Grimsby Royal Dock, Lincolnshire. Original was armed with eight 12-pounder cannon.

HMS Pickle_(2092569363)_(3)
HMS Pickle replica 2004 Cardiff Bay. Credit: Ben Salter from Wales, CC BY 2.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

HMS Pickle replica schooner Grimsby 2021

HMAS Buffalo store ship replica (1980-2019) LOA 190′ / 57.9 m TDSIP ca. 600 tons. Originally armed with 18 cannon, but as a convict ship refitted with about 10. Original ship 1813-1840, wrecked Mercury Bay. Restaurant attraction built 1980 at Glenelg, Australia on the Patawolonga river. First ship to arrive at Glenelg in 1836. This unique replica was dismantled during 2019 after the restaurant closed. 

HMAS Buffalo replica / restaurant, ca 2007. Credit: Peripitus, CC BY-SA 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

  HMS Buffalo replica Glenelg 2017HMS Buffalo replica Glenelg 2008

HMS Beagle replica 10-gun Brig/Bark sloop of war (2016) Cherokee class LOA 140′ / 42,7 m full scale replica of the famous ship (RN service 1820-1845) used by young naturalist Charles Darwin. 6 guns by the second survey voyage of the 1830s. Built 2012-2016 at the Nao Victoria museum, Punta Arenas, Chile. From illustrations, models, and the replica, Beagle was re-rigged as a bark (3 masts).

The Beagle replica at Punta Arenas, ca. 2014. Credit: Wolfgang Fricke, CC BY 3.0 <;, via Wikimedia Commons

HMS Beagle replica Chile 2021

HMS Trincomalee (1817) Leda class 38-46 gun frigate Hartlepool UK museum ship LOA 250′ / 76.2 m TDISP 1065 tons

HMS Trincomalee at Hartlepool ca. 2010. The aft two gunports appear to be covered over or closed, and the vessel has protective covers over the quarterdeck and waist rails. Credit: HDTurner, CC BY-SA 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

HMS Trincomalee Hartlepool 2018

TS Foudroyant and Implacable - HMS Trincomalee
Training Ships Foudroyant (left) and Implacable, Portsmouth. Foudroyant was originally and would be renamed Trincomalee, while Implacable, scuttled in 1949, was originally the French prize Duguay-Trouin, captured at the Battle of Trafalgar, 1805. © IWM (A 25960)

HMS Unicorn (1824) modified Leda Class 38-46 gun frigate Museum ship LOA 202′ / 61.6 m (jib-boom not stepped) TDISP 1000 tons Dundee Scotland (only sailing warship preserved in an “in ordinary” state)

HMS Unicorn, Dundee, Oct. 2022. Courtesy Kate Jamieson, who retains copyright.

HMS Unicorn Dundee 2018

HM Frigate Unicorn, Oct. 2022. The innovative “round stern” design allowed more cannon to be trained aft, to defend the vulnerable stern. Courtesy of Kate Jamieson, who retains copyright.

HMS Unicorn Dundee 2001


HMS Frederick William 86-gun screw battleship (1860-1948), Length stern to figurehead about 340’/103.6 m TDISP 4,500 tons. 1876-1948 was HMS Worcester training ship, Thames Nautical Training College (with the clipper ship Cutty Sark). This ship, incredibly, was originally ordered built as a 110-gun Queen class first rate ship in 1833, with building not starting to 1841, and the design changed many times. Sank 1948 and raised and scrapped 1953.

HMS Frederick William - worcester NMM pv2366
HMS Frederick William now Worcester, at the Thames Nautical Training College, ca. 1860. Credit: William Lionel Wyllie PAE2366 Royal Museums Greenwich.

HMS Frederick William - Worcester ship of the line Greenhithe 1940

HMS Warrior (1861-1883) LOA 420′ / 128 m TDISP 9,200 tons. The first British ocean-going, steam-powered ironclad warship, the many technologies combined made her revolutionary. After long service as a training establishment, and an oil barge, she was preserved as a museum ship at HMD Portsmouth, starting in 1983.

HMS Warrior, Portsmouth, 2011, showing the large size of the ship, and the traditional details such as the ornate stern galleries. The topmasts of HMS Victory can be seen in the background. Credit: Tony Hisgett from Birmingham, UK, CC BY 2.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

HMS Warrior 1861 Portsmouth 2015

HMS Gannet Dotterel class composite sloop (1878) sloop LOA 225′ / 68.6 m TDISP 1,130 tons museum ship Chatham Historic Dockyard since 1987, extensively rebuilt.

HMS Gannet at Chatham, ca. 2012. Credit: Nilfanion, CC BY-SA 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

HMS Gannet sloop Chatham 2018.jpg

HMS Calypso, (1885-1922) Calypso class steam corvette LOA 235′ / 71.6 m TDISP 2,770 tons. in 1916 renamed HMS Briton to make “Calypso” available for a “C” class cruiser. From 1902 to disposal in 1922 served as a Royal Naval Reserve (Newfoundland) training and depot ship in St. John’s NFLD. After disposal was used as a salt hulk for many years in Lewisporte, and eventually burned and settled in the Bay of Exploits near Embree, NFLD.

HMS Calypso before the rig was reduced and deck structures erected, showing the original casemate guns and the decorated stern lights. Allan C. Green / Public domain via State Library of Victoria, Australia H91.250/1472

HMS Calypso wreck NFLD 2019

HMS Calypso hulk Lewisporte NFLD
ex-HMS Calypso / Briton hulk in Lewisporte, NFLD, no date. Department of National Defence CN-5077 via Crowsnest Feb. 1960 edition (Vol. 12 no. 4) p 15. Note at this time the casemates had been removed and the gaps planked over, the entire rig, except what appears to be the lower mizzen, had been removed, along with the funnel and a large deck-house had been erected.

HMS Worcester (1905-1968) original ship built for the London Metropolitan Asylums Board as a boys training ship. Designed by a naval architect with an iron and steel hull. Used as an accommodations ship during the Second World War. Moved to Thames Nautical Sailing College, eventually replaced the previous HMS Worcester (see HMS Frederick William above) LOA 314′ / 95.7 m TDISP unknown. Scrapped Belgium in 1978.

Worcester training ship Greenhithe 1960

Bulgarian Navy

STV Kaliakra (1984) Sail Training Ship at the naval academy, Varna, LOA approx. 180′ / 54.9 m TDISP 380 tons,. Polish-built.

STV Kaliakra, Oct. 2014 Credit: Mehlauge / CC BY-SA
Kaliakra Sail Training Varna 2019
Kaliakra Sail Training Sozopol 2010B

Royal Canadian Navy

HMCS Oriole sail training ship, (commissioned in RCN 1956) rigged as a ketch LOA 102′ / 31.1 m TDISP 92 tons. Originally built as yacht Oriole IV (1921) and was the flagship of the Royal Canadian Yacht Club (Toronto). During the Second World War she was used by the Navy League of Canada to train sea cadets and then by the RCN from 1943.

Great Lakes Deployment 2019
HMCS Oriole participates in Parade of Sail Toronto harbour, June 2019. Crown Copyright by Department of National Defence SCAD-2019-0004-224 LS A.J. Domingo

HMCS Oriole Esquimalt 2016

STV Fair Jeanne (1980) LOA 110′ / 33.5 m TDISP 138 tons. Designed and built by Cpt. Thomas G. Fuller, RCN. Bytown Brigantine ship, normally sailing out of Brockville. Has been known to carry some small cannon along the quarterdeck rails, and participate in War of 1812 Reenactments.

STV Fair Jeanne (right) with STV Black Jack (left) at Tall ships Brockville ON, 2019. Credit:
STV Fair Jeanne laid up for the winter, April 2022, Brockville ON, 2019. Credit:

STV Fair Jeanne Brockville 2015STV Black Jack (1904) LOA 87′ / 26.5 m Originally logging tug G.B. Pattee II, out of Quyon Quebec. Converted in 1952 by Capt. Thomas G. Fuller, RCN, of Ottawa to a family yacht. Named Bytown Brigantine ship, normally sailing out of Ottawa. Long based out of Britannia Yacht Club, Ottawa, but recently moved to nearby Fitzroy Harbour.

STV Black Jack at the Brockville Ontario Tall Ships, 2019. Credit:

STV Black Jack Ottawa 2013

Chilean Navy

Juan Sebastián de Elcano class (Spanish design)

Esmeralda BE-43 (1954) LOA 371′ / 113.1 m TDISP 3,700 tons

Esmeralda in Charlottetown PEI, Canada in July 2017. Credit:
Esmeralda’s bridge looking aft, visit to Charlottetown PEI, Canada in July 2017. Credit:

Esmeralda Sail Valparaiso 2017

Esmeralda entering Charlottetown Harbour, PEI, Canada, July 2017. Credit:

Republic of China (Taiwan)

Ming Dynasty war junk (2009) LOA 97′ / 29.6 m Based on a type used by Zheng Cheng-gong, aka Koxinga, who defeated the Dutch outposts on Taiwan in 1661. On its maiden voyage tour in 2010 it had a mast issue, which seems to have been involved in the decision to convert it to a shore-based maritime exhibit ship in Tainan City. A smaller junk, the Princess Taiping (2008), crossed the Pacific to San Francisco, but was rammed and sunk by a freighter April 2009.

Princess Taiping in Hong Kong, ca. 2008. This ship, which sailed to the US West Coast, was a smaller version of the ship built at Anping, Taiwan. Credit: Cara Chow (Charlotte1125), CC BY-SA 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Ming Dynasty Junk replica museum Anping Harbor Taiwan 2020

People’s Republic of China

Treasure ship stationary replica (2006) LOA 210′ / 64 m. Location is 32°03’43″N 118°43’38″E, at an old site used to build large junks in the early Ming Dynasty. Constructed of cement and wood. A replica of a middle-sized treasure junk of the early 15th Century, from the time of the seven expeditions of fleet of Admiral Zheng He. These ships could be armed with as many as 24 brass cannon, but were also luxury ships.   

Treasure ship replica at the site of the shipyard, Nanjing ca. 2011, Credit: User:Vmenkov, CC BY-SA 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Treasure junk exhibit Nanjing 2018Treasure junk exhibit Nanjing 2010

Colombian Navy

ARC Gloria 160 (1968) Spanish Built. Barque-rigged LOA 212′ / 64.6 m TDISP 1,300 tons

ARC Gloria sailing Puerto_de_San_Diego
ARC Gloria at San Diego, 2015 [Detail of] Credit: Port of San Diego from San Diego, CA, CC BY 2.0



HDMS Jylland (1862-1908) screw frigate LOA 233′ / 71 m TDISP 2,450 tons Museum Ship since 1994 at Ebeltoft. Veteran of the Second War of Schleswig, 1864. Reportedly the last known surviving screw frigate.

HDMS Jylland, ca. 2014. Credit: Sebastian Nils / CC BY-SA 

HDMS Jylland museum Ebeltoft 2011

St. George III replica (1993). LOA 107′ / 32.6 m Located at Tivoli Gardens Amusement Park, Copenhagen. Contains a pirate-themed restaurant. Pierced for roughly 40 guns.

 Sct. Georg III ca. 2015. Credit: Leif Jørgensen, CC BY-SA 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

St. George replica ship Tivoli amusement Copenhagen 2021

Navy of the Dominican Republic

Juan Bautista Cambiaso BE-01 (2018) Sail Training ship LOA 177′ / 53.9 m TDISP unknown. Formerly Royal Helena, built 2009 at Varna, Bulgaria. Juan Bautista Cambiaso sail traning Santo Domingo DR 2019

Ecuadorian Navy

BAE Guayas Sail Training Ship (1977) LOA 257′ / 78.3 m TDISP 1,300 tons

BAE Guayas leaving San Francisco, 2010 Credit: Armada del Ecuador / CC BY

BAE Guayas Guayaquil 2015


Suomen Joutsen tall ship. LOA 315′ / 96 m TDISP 2,400 tons. Built at St. Nazaire, France, 1902, and sold to Germany in 1922, and on to Finland in 1930. Formerly a sail training school ship for the Finnish Navy (1931-1961) and then Merchant mariners. Museum ship at Turku since 1991.

Suomen Joutsen docked at Forum Marinum in Turku, July 2021. Credit: kallerna, CC BY-SA 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Suomen Joutsen Turku finland 2013

Jacobstads Wapen (1994) LOA 131′ / 39.9 m, hull length 81′ / 24.7 m TDISP laid up at Jakobstad, Finland, since at least 2010, after wood deterioration was discovered. She is a replica of a mid-18th C. galleass from a 1755 design by famous Swedish naval architect Fredrik Henrik af Chapmans.jacobstads Wapen Kittholmen finland 2018


French Sail Training ships Etoile and Belle Poule (both 1932) identical top-sail schooners used for Ecole Navale training at Brest and nearby Poulmic, LOA 123′ /  37.5 m TDISP 280 tons.

Belle Poule [Detail of] n.d. Credit: Rama, CC BY-SA 3.0 FR , via Wikimedia Commons

French sail training ship Brest 2018

Pelican II replica ship of the line (1992-ca.2004). LOA 118′ / 36m TDISP 50o tons. Replica of the 50-gun le Pélican (1693-1697), victorious ship at the Battle of Hudson Bay/Battle of York Factory (Sep. 1697) with the French squadron under the command of Sieur Pierre Le Moyne d’Iberville destroying the similarly sized HMS Hastings, before herself being wrecked. This unique replica was constructed in La Malbaie, Quebec from 1987-1992, with many delays and issues. It was not intended to be a sailing replica, but the lower half was constructed of steel. After a short period on display in Montreal, it was sold to US owners in who hoped to put it on display in New Orleans. Moved to Donaldsville LA, the ship sank twice at her moorings, decaying, and is still in wrecked condition along the river front, with areas of her square tuck stern, rudder, and quarters occasionally showing.

Pelican II replica being towed. Credit: Harfang, CC BY-SA 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons
Pelican visited by the Inuit, Aug. 1697. Inconnu. Claude-Charles Le Roy de la Potherie ? (1663-1736), Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Pelican II wreck Mississippi at Donaldsonville LA

Pelican building, la Malbaie QC, 1992. Credit: Captain Morgan, CC BY-SA 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

French frigate Hermione (2014), LOA 213′ / 64.9 m TDISP 1,160 tons. Replica of the 32-gun frigate (1779-1793)that took General Lafayette to North America. Homeport of Rochefort. The original was wrecked at Le Croisic, and was rediscovered in 1984.

Hermione replica at Bordeaux firing salute, ca. 2014. Credit: Dark Attsios, CC BY-SA 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Hermione replica frigate Rochefort 2018Hermione replica frigate Rochefort 2017Hermione replica frigate Rochefort 2014

Jean Bart (under construction) replica of a 1790-1809 74-gun ship of the line. LOA unknown, gundeck was 183′ / 55.8 m long, TDISP about 2,000 tons. The replica appears to be substantially framed in photos.

Mont-Blanc off Marseilles,. Mont-Blanc was a sister ship of the Temeraire class of 74-gun two-deckers to Jean Bart. Note the classic lines and horseshoe stern decoration of French 18th and early 19th C ships. Credit: Antoine Roux, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Jean-Bart construction Gravelines 2015

Le Renard privateer (1991) LOA 100′ / 30.5 m TDISP 70 tons replica of an 1812 cutter (single-masted) ship, Robert Surcouf’s last ship. Armed with 14 cannon, that famously engaged and destroyed the British schooner HMS Alphea, 9 Sep. 1813.

Le Renard off the Fort de la Conchée, off Dinard, 2021. Credit: Tangopaso, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Renard privateer Saint Malo 2020

La Recouvrance (1993) LOA 130′ / 39.6 m TDISP 170 tons. Gaff rigged schooner, replica of early 19th C. courier ships. Pierced for as many as 16 cannon.

La Recouvrance out of the water for refit, n.d. Credit: Hervé Cozanet, CC BY-SA 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

La Recouvrance Brest 2018

German Navy

Gorch Fock (II) (1958) LOA 266′ / 81.1 m TDISP 1,760 tons

Kieler Woche 1986
Gorch Fock, ca. 1986. Credit: Stadtarchiv Kiel / Georg Gasch Collection, 39.724/ CC BY-SA 3.0 DE 

Gorch Fock II Kiel 2015Gorch Fock (1933) LOA 269′ / 82 m TDISP 1,500 tons. Museum ship since 2003, Stralsund.

Gorch Fock at Stralsund, 2008 Credit: Sebastian Weigelt (Ambross07) / CC BY-SA

Gorch Fock Stralsund 2015

Indian Navy 

INS Tarangini (1997) and INS Sudarshini (2012) LOA 177′ / 53.9 m TDISP 515 tons sister-ships

INS Tarangini, ca. 2015 Indian Navy / GODL-India 

Indian Navy sail training ships Kochi 2020

Indonesian Navy

KRI Bima Suci Bark (2018) LOA 370′ / 112.8 m TDISP unknown

KRI Bima Suci visting Vladivostok in Sep. 2018 AdmiralHood / CC BY-SA

KRI Bima Suci sail training Surabaya 2020

KRI Dewaruci LOA 136′ / 41.5 m TDISP 1,500 tons (1953)

KRI tall ship
KRI Dewaruci at Pearl Harbor, 2012. Tech. Sgt. Michael Holzworth / Public domain

KRI Dewaruci Surabaya 2019

KRI Arung Samudera Sail Training ship (1991), 3-masted schooner, used for cadet training LOA 129′ / 39.3 m TDISP unknownKRI Arung Samudera Surabaya 2019

Italian Navy 

Amerigo Vespucci (1930) LOA 330′ /  100.6 m TDISP 4,000 tons

Amerigo Vespucci at Bremerhaven, 2010 Credit: Tvabutzku1234 / Public domain

Amerigo Vespucci TS La Spezia 2016

Alfredo Cappellini” sail trainer at Italian Naval Academy, Livorno. LOA 150′ / 45.5m TDISP – Brig rigged, not a real ship, it dates back to at least 1900.

The sail training brig, ca. 1900, at the Naval Academy, Livorno. Source: Strafforello Gustavo, La patria, geografia dell’Italia. Toscana (continuazione). Unione Tipografico-Editrice, Milano – Roma – Napoli, 1902. Credit: Incisore anonimo, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Alfredo Cappellini sail trainer Livorno academy 2019


Kankō Maru (1987) replica LOA 216′ / 65.8 m TDISP 780 tons. Original ship was Japan’s first naval steam ship, which was driven by sail and side-wheels. Served 1855-1876, after service in the Dutch Navy for a couple of years as Soembing. Dutch-built replica, based out of Nagasaki Port.

Kankō Maru ca. 2009 at Yokohama. Credit: Masato Nishiguchi

Kanko Maru Nagasaki 2021

Kanrin Maru (1990) replica LOA 190′ / 57.9 m TDISP 300 tons (1853-1871) larger than original ship – Japan’s first steam and screw driven corvette. Dutch-built Bali class sloop. Now a Naruto Whirlpools tour ship, sailing out of Minawi-Awaji. Also a large monument model ship in a park at Saraki Cape near Hokkaido.

Kanrin Maru, 1855. Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons Tōgō Shrine and Tōgō Association (東郷神社・東郷会), Togo Heihachiro in images, illustrated Meiji Navy (図説東郷平八郎、目で見る明治の海軍), (Japanese)

Kanrin Maru replica at Naruto Whirlpools Minawi-Awaji 2018Kanrin Maru monument Hokkaido 2014

Kanrin Maru replica (other one) LOA 218′ / 66.4 m TDISP 1,050 tons. Built in the Netherlands ca. 1990. An even larger replica of the original Kanrin Maru, Japan’s first sail and screw driven warship, which gave the formerly isolationist Japanese experience with a modern warship. Originally based at Yokohama, it was sold around 2008 to a Malaysian entertainment corporation, renamed Puteri Mahsuri, registered at Port Klang, but appears to be based mostly at Langkawi Island offering corporate, charter and sail training cruises. PUTERI_MAHSURI Langkawi malaysia 2021-08PUTERI_MAHSURI Langkawi malaysia 2015-07 PUTERI_MAHSURI Langkawi malaysia 2015

San Juan Bautista galleon LOA 185′ / 56.4 m (1993-2020) replica of a 1613 Japanese galleon (in the style of a Spanish ship) which conducted diplomatic journeys to New Spain. Armed with as many as 16 cannon. Based in a theme park/museum at Ishinomaki, Japan. Slightly damaged in the 2011 earthquake / tsunami, but later found to be in disrepair and dismantling in 2020. Smaller replica reportedly being built.

San Juan Bautista replica Japanese galleon, 2010. Credit: shikabane taro, CC BY 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

San Juan Bautista replica galleon ihinomaki 2011

Renaissance Galleon theme attraction (ca. 2001) DisneySea Tokyo. LOA 115′ / 35.1 m replica of what appears to be an English or Spanish late 16th C warship. Appears to be pierced for about 14 guns. 

Renaissance Galleon surrounded by the fantastical theme park, ca. 2008. Credit: jetsun, CC BY-SA 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Renaissance galleon Tokyo DisneySea 2007

Royal Malaysian Navy

KLD Tunas Samudera (1989) sail training LOA 115′ / 35.1 m TDISP 240 tons. Built by Brooke Yacht, Lowestoft

KLD Tunas Samureda, 2007. Credit: Żeglarz, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

KLD Tunas Samureda Lumut 2018

Mexican Navy

ARM Cuauhtémoc BE-01 (1982) LOA 220′ / 67.1 m TDISP 1,800 tons

ARM Cuauhtémoc at Acapulco ca. 2007 with the Sierra Class Patrol Ship ARM Matias Romero PO-144. Credit: platibolo from Cholula, México, CC BY 2.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

ARM Cuauhtémoc BE-01 Acapulco 2009

Royal Netherlands Navy / Dutch armed merchant ships

VOC Halve Maen (1989) LOA 101′ / 30.8 m TDISP unknown. Replica of a ca. 1608 vessel captained by Englishman Henry Hudson, she sailed into what is now the port of New York. The vessel is pierced with four gunports. After time in Albany NY, was loaned to maritime museum at Hoorn, Netherlands from 2015-2019, has since returned to owners in the Hudson River, NY.

Halve Maen off the southern tip of Manhattan, 2009. Credit: Halve_Maen_approaching_Manhattan_28_June_2009.jpg: Roy Googinderivative work: Jan Arkesteijn, CC BY-SA 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

VOC Halve Maen replica Albany NY 2013VOC Halve Maen replica Hoorn Netherlands 2018

VOC Duyfken (1999) LOA 100′ / 30.5 m TDISP 110 tons. replica of an exploration vessel (1595-1608) armed with 8 cannon. Now based at the Australian National Maritime Museum, Sydney, after years in Fremantle.

Duyfken 2013. Credit: bertknot from scarborough, australia, CC BY-SA 2.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Duyfken replica AMM Sydney 2021

VOC Batavia (1995 replica of a 1628 ship, which had been shipwrecked off Western Australia) LOA 186′ / 56.7 m TDISP 1,200 tons at Lelystad. Although the original vessel did not belong to the Dutch Navy, the Dutch East Indies Company (VOC) was, in its own right, a powerful navy operating in the Far East in the 17th and 18th Centuries. This ship is pierced for 24 guns.

The replica Batavia during filming, dressed as the Nieuw Hoorn during a 2007 filming. Credit: ADZee / Public domain

VOC Batavia 2019 LelystadVOC Batavia 2018 Lelystad

VOC Prins Willem LOA 220′ / 67.1 m TDISP 700 tons (1985-2009) replica of a large 1650 ship, armed with 32 cannon, which made several voyages and sank near Madagascar in 1662. The ship, like most VOC ships, could be used for naval purposes, and was the flagship of Admiral Witte de With at the Battle of Kentish Knock, First Anglo-Dutch War, 1652. This impressive replica was destroyed by fire while under refit at Den Helder, 2009, and scrapped in 2014.

Prins Willem at Sail Amsterdam, 2005. The characteristic Dutch stern, with it’s single level of lights and flanking quarter galleries, and the colourful ornamentation, can be seen.[Cropped] The original uploader was DirkvdM at English Wikipedia., CC BY 1.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Prins Willem replica VOC ship Den Helder 2005

VOC Amsterdam (1748 ship) LOA 158′ / 48.2 m TDISP 1,100 tons. The ship was wrecked in 1749 on Bulverhythe Beach, England. The shipwreck exists today, and the lower portions of the hull are well-preserved, due to being encased in mud. A replica was constructed for display and completed in 1990. It is at the Netherlands Maritime Museum, Amsterdam. This heavily-armed VOC ship had ports for 42 cannon.

VOC Amsterdam wreck at low tide, Bulverhythe Beach, ca 2017 Credit: Dr-Mx / CC0
Replica VOC ship Amsterdam, built in 1990 on the lines of a 1748 ship which foundered in the English Channel the next year. Credit: Ashu Mathura from Amsterdam, The Netherlands / CC BY-SA 

VOC Amsterdam 2018 wreck Bulverhythe Beach

VOC Amsterdam 2018 wreck Bulverhythe Beachdistance
Composite view with 2017/05 Amsterdam view of Netherlands Maritime Museum replica overlaid onto 2018/05 Bulverhythe Beach, UK, capture, with the approximate length of the keel marked in yellow. The beginnings of the stem-post (bows) are inshore (to the North). The darker rectangular lines to the stern of the wreck are actually a dam structure that was erected to protect the slightly lower remains.

VOC Amsterdam 2017 replicaVOC Amsterdam 2019 replica

Delft (uncompleted replica) LOA 145′ / 44.2 m on the gundeck TDISP ca. 1,000 tons. replica of the Delft, a 56 gun small ship of the line (1783-1797) that was captured by British forces at the naval battle of Camperdown, and then sank while under tow. The replica was left uncompleted due to lack of funds. Delft ship replica Den Helder 2019

HNLMS Bonaire screw-steamship, rigged as a barquentine (1877-1895) LOA 174′ / 53 m TDISP: 830 tons deadweight

Bonaire under continued restoration in a drydock near Dutch Naval Museum at Den Helder, ca. 2018. Credit: Ymnes / CC0

HNLMS Bonaire Den Helder 2018


HNoMS Statsraad Lehmkuhl (1914 German built) LOA 322′ / 98.1 m TDISP 1,510 tons. To Great Britain 1920 as war reparations, then to Norway in 1921. Captured by Nazi Germany (1940-1945) and served as Westwärts, then back to Norway.

Statsraad Lehmkuhl sailing, July 2007, Baltic tall ships races. Credit: Bruno Girin, CC BY-SA 2.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

HNoMS Statsraed Lehmkuhl Bergen 2009

Christian Radich LOA 240′ / 73.2 m TDISP 1,050 tons. (1937)

Christian Radich (Norway)
Christian Radich at Opsail 1976, New York Harbor. Credit: Marc Rochkind, CC BY-SA 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Christian Radich Oslo 2008

Navy of Oman

Shabab Oman II (2014) Sail Training Ship LOA 285′ / 86.9 m TDISP 750 gt.

Shabab Oman II Langerak_(Aalborg_Kommune).TSR_2019.Shabab_Oman_2.2.ajb
Shabab Oman II at a Tall Ships race, 2019, at Langerak. Credit: Bild: © Ajepbah / Wikimedia Commons

Shabab Oman II WS Oman 2021

Navy of Pakistan

PNS Rah Naward (2010) LOA 190′ / 57.9 m TDISP  unknown formerly Prince William sail trainer for the Tall Ships Youth Trust (2001-2010) two-masted brig.PNS Rah Naward Sail training Karachi 2020

Peruvian Navy

BAP Unión (2016) LOA 379′ / 115.5 m TDISP 3,200 tons

BAP Union under sail visiting Valparaiso, Chile, 2018. Mauricio González from Reñaca, Chile / CC0

BAP Union Callao 2017

Polish Navy

ORP Iskra sail trainer (1982) LOA 161′ / 49.1 m TDISP 500 tons

ORP Iskra, Ca. 2004 Credit: Żeglarz, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

ORP Iskra Gdynia 2008

Dar Pomorza (1909) LOA 260′ / 79.2 m TDISP 1,561 tons

Dar Pomorza at tall ships races Gdynia, 2009. Credit: Marcin Sochacki via wikimedia commons

Dar Pomorza Gdynia 2017

Navy of Portugal

Sagres A-520 (1937) LOA 292′ / 89 m TDISP 1,800 tons. 3-masted barque, has had a long career starting with Nazi Germany, then to the United States as war reparations, then to Brazil, and on to Portugal with service since 1961. She is a sistership of Gorch Fock (ex-Tovarishch), Gorch Fock II USCGC Eagle (ex-Horst Wessel), Mircea.

NRP Sagres in the Arade River, Algarve ca. 2014. Credit: Joseolgon / CC BY-SA

NRP Sagres Lisbon 2016

UAM Creoula (1937) Portuguese navy service from ca. 1980. LOA 221′ / 67.4 m TDISP 1,300 tons currently appears to be rigged as a 4-masted schooner.

UAM Creoula at the naval dockyards near Lisbon, ca. 2007 Credit: Xuaxo / CC BY-SA 

UAM Creoula Lisbon 2016

Dom Fernando II e Glória (1845-ca. 1963 in a variety of roles, again commissioned in the Portuguese Navy as UA-203 since the 1990s) LOA 284′ / 86.6 m TDISP 1,800 tons. Powerful 50-gun frigate. Ravaged by  fire in 1963, a derelict hulk until restoration starting in 1992.

Dom Fernando II e Glória, in an 1878 photograph. Museu da Marinha Unknown author / Public domain

Dom Fernando II e Glória Lisbon 2015Dom Fernando II e Glória Lisbon 2018

Romanian Navy

Gorch Fock class Mircea (1938) LOA 269′ / 82 m TDISP 1,500 tons. sister ship to the German Gorch Fock, the USCG Eagle, and others.

Mircea at Tall Ships, 2005, Amsterdam. DirkvdM / CC BY

Mircea sail training ship Constanta 2012


Poltava (2019) Replica LOA 170′ / 51.8 m TDISP ca. 1150 tons. Replica of a 54-gun ship (1712-1732). Constructed at the Saint Petersburg Yacht Club, which was majorly enlarged to house this ship and other exhibits.

Poltava, newly built in 2019. Credit:, CC BY 4.0 <;, via Wikimedia Commons

Poltava Replica Saint Petersburg 2020

Goto Predestinatsia Replica (2014) LOA 160′ /  48.8 m replica of the original ship 58-gun ship of the line built by Peter the Great (1700-1711), the first domestically-built large Russian warship. Currently a museum ship located at the City of Voronezh, where the original was constructed.

Goto Predestinatsia replica, ca. 2016. Credit: Alexxx1979, CC BY-SA 4.0 <;, via Wikimedia Commons

Goto Predestinatsia Replica Voronezh 2017

STS Sedov LOA 385′ / 117.3 m TDISP 7,300 tons. 4-masted bark. Originally the German Magdalene Vinnen II (1921–1936) and Kommodore Johnsen (1936-1948) handed over as war reparations. Served the Soviet Navy as a training ship, an oceanographic research ship and then a reserve sail training ship since 1952. Largest traditional sailing ship. 

Sedov ca. 2003. Credit: VollwertBIT, CC BY-SA 2.5 , via Wikimedia Commons

 STS Sedov Kaliningrad 2021

Kruzenshtern LOA 375′ / 114.3 m TDISP ca. 7,000 tons. 4-masted bark. Originally the German “P-liner” Padua. (1926-1946) handed over as war reparations to the USSR. Soviet Navy ship 1946-1991, based out of Riga and then Talinn. Since 1991 she is owned by the Baltic State Academy Kaliningrad and homeported there. She is the second largest traditional sailing ship. 

Kruzenshtern ca. 2010. Credit: Крузенштерн.JPG: Żeglarzderivative work: Bukk, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Kruzenshtern Kaliningrad 2020-09

Blagodat (ca. 1990s?) LOA 325′ / 99.1 m taffrail to jibboom tip. Original gundeck length: 198′. A huge restaurant ship/replica of a three-decker. This is most likely a replica of the Blagodat of 1800, which served about 14 years and was Admiral Peter Khanykov’s flagship during the Anglo-Russian War. This ship was armed with as many as 130 cannon. The original Blagodat was reportedly based closely on the lines of the Spanish ship, Santísima Trinidad.

Blagodat Корвет_2011_-_panoramio
Blagodat, showing the generally fine side and tumblehome of this massive replica . ca. 2011 [detail of] Credit: Валерий Дед, CC BY 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Russian Ship Blagodat replica restaurant St.P 2020Russian Ship Blagodat replica restaurant St.P 2020-06

The Blagodat replica, showing the enormous dimensions and the questionable stern ornamentation. Neva River, Saint Petersburg, ca. 2011 [Detail of] Credit: IKit, CC BY-SA 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons


El Galeón Andalucía replica galleon LOA 167′ / 50.9 m (2010) replica of a galleon. Built by the Nao Victoria foundation, who have built replicas from the age of exploration. Modern lower hull components. Appears to be pierced for about 18 cannon. 

El Galeón Andalucía, visiting Maine, 2015. Credit: Paul VanDerWerf from Brunswick, Maine, USA, CC BY 2.0 , via Wikimedia Commons


El Galeón Andalucía Santander 2020
The satellite imagery for this was incredibly difficult to locate, and we had to cross reference carefully their port-of-call schedule in Spain in 2020 to find a view during an unusually long stop over in Santander.

Juan Sebastián de Elcano class sail training ship LOA 371′ / 113.1 m TDISP 3,700 tons (2 built)

Juan Sebastián de Elcano (1928) LOA 371′ / 113.1 m TDISP 3,700 tons

Elcano Spanish Sail trainer
Library and Archives Canada / Department of National Defence HS-61219

Juan Sebastián de Elcano Sail Training Cadiz 2016Esmeralda (1954), built in Spain using original plans of Juan Sebastián de Elcano, purchased by the Chile and currently in use as a sail trainer for Chilean NavyEsmeralda Sail Valparaiso 2017

Neptune replica 17th Century Spanish Galleon (1986), LOA 213′ / 64.9 m TDISP 1,500 tons. Genoa, Italy, originally built in Tunisia. Built for the 1986 film Pirates. The hull is pierced with more than 70 gunports over 3 decks!

Neptune recently built, 1985, in Tunisian waters. Credit: SoftwareSimian, CC BY-SA 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Neptune replica galleon Genoa 2015Neptune replica galleon Genoa 2014

Nuestra Señora de la Santísima Trinidad replica (ca. 2005). LOA 260′ / 79.2 m taffrail to bowsprit cap (jibboom appears to be missing now). Original ship gundeck length: 201′ / 61.3 m. This replica, located at Alicante, Spain, is of the 1769 ship, the largest of its time, which fought at several battles, and was eventually captured at Trafalgar on 21 Oct. 1805, only to be scuttled the next day in the storm that wrecked many prizes of war. The ship was originally commissioned as a 112 gun three-decker, but after several refits wound up with as many as 140 cannon.

Santisima Trinidade model at Museo_Naval_Madrid_Ni
Santisima Trinidad model on display at the Museo Naval de Madrid, España, ca. 2016. Credit: Nicolás Pérez, CC BY-SA 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons


Santisima Trinidade replica Puerto_de_Alicante,_España,_2014-07-04,_DD_32
The replica of Santisima Trinidad, showing the red strakes of gunports and the large size of the ship at Alicante, Spain, ca. 2014 The hull is more or less flat, with the original tumblehome hull, curving inboard toward the upper decks, absent [detail of]. Credit: Diego Delso, CC BY-SA 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Nuestra Señora de la Santísima Trinidad replica Alicante 2014Nuestra Señora de la Santísima Trinidad replica Alicante 2018

Santisima Trinidad replica in Malaga, ca. 2010. Credit: Bill Allan, CC BY-SA 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

The replica was built using the hull of a commercial vessel in around 2004, with metal girders creating a structure to hang the wooden timbers and decks off of. Reportedly, the restaurant/ship is now closed and in a state of disrepair, and images suggest the elaborate ship-rig and masts are collapsing.


HSwMS Najaden (1897-1938) LOA 160′ / 48.8 m TDISP unknown. wooden-hulled sistership to Jarramas.

HSwMS Najaden while berthed near Halmstad Castle, ca. 2007. Credit: Jonas Ericsson, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

HSwMS Najaden Frederikstad Norway 2015HSwMS Najaden Frederikstad Norway 2020HSwMS Najaden Halmstad 2014

HSwMS Jarramas (1900) LOA 165′ / 50.3 m TDISP 350 tons. steel-hulled sistership of Najaden. Sail training ship for the Swedish Navy from 1900-1947. Museum ship at Karlskrona since about 1950. Jarramas Karlskrona 2018

Af Chapman (1888) LOA 290′ / 88.4 m TDISP 1,490 tons. Built in Whitehaven, England. Swedish Navy sail training ship (1923-1947). Currently a youth hostel on Skeppsholmen island, Stockholm. Major refurbishment 2021.

Af Chapman being towed to the Gustaf V dry dock for major refit, October 2021. Credit: Sinikka Halme, CC BY-SA 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Af Chapman stockholm 2020

Kalmar Nyckel (1997) LOA 140′ / 42.7 m TDISP 300 tons Original exploration/trading and naval vessel was Dutch-built around 1625. Swedish service was 1629-1651, before the ship was acquired for Dutch naval service. Armed with 12 cannon. Crossed to present day Wimington, Delaware on the first Swedish trading mission in 1638, and established a fort. State ship of Delaware, funded and homeported at Wilmington, DE. It was sunk in 1651 while defending a Dutch fishing fleet from the English. 

Kalmar Nyckel visiting Chestertown, Maryland, 2013. The Dutch origins of the original can be seen in the quarter gallery detail and the clinker-built quarter and poop deck sides . Credit: Acroterion, CC BY-SA 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Kalmar Nyckel Wilmington DE 2010

Götheborg (III) 2005 replica Swedish East Indiaman at Gotheburg. LOA 190′ /  57.9 m TDISP 780 tons.  Original ship was a SOIC ship which completed several passages to the East Indies 1738-1745 before being wrecked. Replica built at Eriksbergs wharf, a shipyard revived for the purpose, and currently located nearby. This ship could be armed with a powerful complement of as many as 30 cannons. This is also our recommendation, should anyone ever wish it, for a ship to play John Paul Jones’ original Bonhomme Richard, a converted French merchant ship of similar size, tonnage, and even with similar ornamentation. Add gunports on lower and upper decks, and you are all set for some HMS Serapis-whooping!

Götheborg III at Nacka Strand ca. 2010 Credit: Holger.Ellgaard, CC BY-SA 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Gotheborg replica Gothenburg 2008

Gotheborg Brest 2012
Gotheborg at Brest, 2012. Credit: Ph. Saget, CC BY-SA 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons



Khersones Mir Class (1988-2014) Built at Gdansk, Poland. LOA 346′ / 105.5 m TDISP 3,000 tons. Seized by Russia after years laid up in Kerch, moved to Sevastopol 2015.

Khersones, 2005, in her original red livery with a yellow strake. Credit: Losty, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Khersones sail training Sevastopol 2020Khersones sail training Kerch 2013

Druzhba Navigation Academy ship (1987) LOA 354′ / 107.9 m TDISP 2,300 tons. Built in Gdansk, Poland, to a design by noted naval architect Zygmunt Choreń. Involved in training both Soviet and American naval cadets 1990. Laid up awaiting repairs since around 2000.

Druzhba, ca. 1989. Credit: Personnel
Druzhba sail Odessa 2020


United States

Beaver (2001?) replica of a merchant brig present during the December 16, 1773 Boston Tea Party. LOA 115’/ 35.1 m. Original owned by the Rotch family of Nantucket and built 1772. 85′ /  25.9 m on deck. The original ship was a 1908 Danish-built schooner that travelled to the US in 1973. Display at the Boston Tea Party Museum and Ships, Boston MA. Recently, the vessel received major updates to bring it more in line with the Columbia, which was found to contemporary, very similar, and constructed nearby (for Columbia replica see below). This vessel shows no evidence of being armed, but we added it because we liked it.

The Beaver at the Boston Tea Party Ships & Museum, Boston, 2013. Credit: Robert Linsdell from St. Andrews, Canada, CC BY 2.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Beaver replica Boston Tea Party 2018

Eleanor (2012?) replica of a ship-rigged merchant ship that was present during the December 16, 1773, Boston Tea Party. LOA 110′ / 33.5 m transformation of fishing ship Uncle Guy for a display at the Boston Tea Party Museum and Ships, Boston MA. This vessel shows no evidence of being armed, but we added it because we liked it. This more ornate ship has quarter galleries. Eleanor replica Boston Tea Party 2016

Spirit of Dana Point (1983) LOA 118′ / 36 m TDISP 70 tons. Replica of a Revolutionary War era privateering schooner. Formerly named the Pilgrim of Newport. Built by Dennis Holland in his front yard over a period of 13 years. Spirit of Dana Point schooner Dana ptCA 2019

Columbia Rediviva (1958) LOA 125′ / 38.1 m built at Walt Disney’s Frontierland, Disneyland, Anaheim, CA. A full size replica which sails on a track. The original Massachusetts-built ship was active from 1773-1806 with a major rebuild in 1787. It explored the Pacific Northwest. It was armed with up to 10 guns, but only 4 heavy cannon, which can be seen on the quarterdeck of the replica. This ship was originally modelled on the draft plans of the HMAV Bounty, and is very similar to the 1978 Bounty replica, but slightly smaller. See our post in the Bounty series.

Sailing ship Columbia attraction at Disneyland, ca. 1959. Photo courtesy Orange County Archives, Mark Hall-Patton collection, CC BY 2.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Columbia sailing ship disneyland Anaheim CA 2018Columbia sailing ship disneyland Anaheim CA 2019

columbia vs. Bounty III
Composite view of Columbia at top and Bounty replica 1978) at bottom, from views used under each entry. 89′, Bounty’s length of deck, has been indicated in yellow, with the two ships to the same scale. Columbia has a length on deck of 83’6″ on deck.

Lady Washington Brig (1989) LOA 110′ / 33.5 m TDISP 100 tons. Based on a Revolutionary War-era ship (1787-1797) built in Boston, MA, and involved in the Columbia expedition, rounding Cape Horn to operated in the Pacific. Eventually wrecked in the Philippines. played “HMS Interceptor” in the Pirates of the Caribbean: Curse of the Black Pearl. Operated by the Grays Harbor Historical Seaport. Appears to be pierced for about 6 cannon.

Lady Washington MORRO_BAY_HARBOR_-007_(921543000)
Lady Washington, Morro Bay, CA, 2006. Credit: ALAN SCHMIERER, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

Lady Washington Brig Olympia 2011

Friendship of Salem replica (1997) LOA 171’/ 52.1 m TDISP 342 tons replica of a 1797 East Indiaman that also served as a Letter of Marque privateer in the War against France (carrying 14 cannon). The original was captured by the British during the War of 1812, and subsequent fate is not known.

Friendship of Salem, 2007, Credit: I, Sailko, CC BY-SA 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Friendship of Salem 2009

Lynx Privateer topsail schooner replica (2001). LOA 120′ / 36.6 m TDISP 100 tons replica of an 1812 Baltimore-built privateer schooner. When captured by the British during the War of 1812, it was taken in to the Royal Navy as HMS Mosquidobit, and sold commercially in 1820. Carried 4 carronades and swivel guns. The replica was built in Rockport Maine.

Lynx under sail in Commencement Bay, Tall Ships Tacoma 2008. [Cropped] Credit: Miso Beno, CC BY-SA 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Lynx privateer St. Petersburg FL 2018

US Brig Niagara (1813/1990) LOA 170′ / 51.8 m TDISP 300 tons. Relief flagship at the Battle of Lake Erie , War of 1812. The original ship was first raised after long immersion for the centennial celebrations of 1913 and rebuilt from the keel up. Again taken to pieces during the 1980s she was rebuilt fully into a sailing ship, (it had been a deteriorating museum piece). Original armament was 20 cannon/carronades.

US Brig Niagara at Quebec City, Quebec 2017. Credit: Cephas, CC BY-SA 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

US Brig Niagara Erie PA 2015

Hawaiian Chieftain (1988) LOA 103′ / 31.4 m TDISP 64 tons. Built Maui. Ketch-rigged with no specific prototype. In 2004 she was purchased by the Grays Harbor Historical Seaport to operate with longtime sailing companion Lady Washington. Sold 2020, under restoration to be returned to Hawaii to operate tours and sailing programs. Painted with 12 gunports, 6 of which appear to be pierced.

Hawaiian Chieftain attending the 2008 Tall Ships festival at Tacoma, WA [cropped]. Credit: Miso Beno, CC BY-SA 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Hawaiian Chieftain Astoria WA 2018

SSV Oliver Hazard Perry (2015) LOA 196′ / 59.7 m TDISP 550 tons inspired by US warships of the War of 1812. Originally building in Amherstburg, Ontario as a replica of HMS Detroit, transferred to a Rhode Island group. Appears to be an approximation of a 24-gun corvette.

SSV Oliver_Hazard_Perry_(19901050716)
SSV Oliver Hazard Perry, Tall Ships Portland, July 2015. Credit: Paul VanDerWerf from Brunswick, Maine, USA, CC BY 2.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

SSV Oliver Hazard Perry Newport RI 2016

Charles W. Morgan whaling ship (1841) LOA 160′ / 48.8 m Museum ship Mystic Seaport, Connecticut. Not a warship, but added to illustrate an era in warship design, and her similarity to contemporary ship-rigged sloops of war.

The Charles W. Morgan museum ship, Mystic CT, 2007. Credit: Ken Mist, CC BY 2.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Charles W Morgan whaler Mystic CT 2020

Pride of Baltimore II topsail schooner/baltimore clipper (1988) replica LOA 157′ / 47.9 m TDISP 140 tons. No specific replica but based on the small commerce-raiding ships form the War of 1812. The first Pride of Baltimore was built in 1977 and sunk in a storm 14 May 1986. 

Pride of Baltimore II at OpSail 2000. Credit: USCG, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Pride of Baltimore II Baltimore MD 2019

Pride of Baltimore II at Brockville ON Tall Ships, 2019. Credit:

USS Constellation (1855-1955) Sloop-of-War LOA 248′ / 75.6 m (taffrail to tip of jib-boom) TDISP 1,400 tons Museum Ship Baltimore MD.

USS Constellation in Baltimore, ca. 2011. Credit: Joe Ravi, CC BY-SA 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

USS Constellation 1855 Baltimore MD 2017

USS Constitution (1797-current) 44-gun heavy frigate LOA 284′ / 86.6 m (taffrail to tip of jib-boom) TDISP 2,200 tons. Museum Ship in USN commission at Charleston MA

USS Constitution
USS Constitution August 2019 US Navy 5713120 PO3 Casey Scoular

USS Constitution boston 2013

USS Constitution firing a 21-gun salute, Boston Harbor 1987 NARA: 330-CFD-DN-ST-87-11264 LT Emmett Francois

Navy of Venezuela

AB Simon Bolivar BE-11  (1980) LOA 271′ / 82.6 m TDISP 1,280 tons Spanish-built barque.

AB Simón_Bolivar BE-11, ca. 2010. Credit:Cdanielg, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

AB Simon Bolivar BE-11 La Guaira 2021

Vietnamese Navy

Lê Quý Đôn Sail Training Ship (2015) LOA 220′ / 67.1 m TDISP 950 tons built at Gdansk, Poland. Based at Nha Trang. Appears to be Barque-rigged.

Lê Quý Đôn at Gdynia, Poland, ca. 2015 Credit: Rudolf H. Boettcher, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

PAVN Lê Quý Đôn Nha Trang 2020

  • Visitors are encouraged to help us populate this site with more sailing warships and replicas. Since we need to locate satellite imagery, we have found that active sailing ships often maintain a schedule of port-of-call visits that is more active than warships! It is difficult to track down certain ships, and we looked extensively. For example, some notable omissions that we have not yet located imagery for are La Grace (Czech 18th C style ketch), and the Russian frigate Shtandart.

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