Small Navies of the World – Submarines


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Estonia – EML Lembit (1937-1979) Kalev class mine-laying submarine LOA 195′ TDISP 660, tons 850 tons submerged. Preserved since 1994. Moved inside and refurbished 2011.

EML Lembit Talinn Allveelaev_Lembit
EML Lembit in Talinn, ca. 2008. Credit: et:User:Siim7n7, CC BY-SA 2.5 , via Wikimedia Commons

EML Lembit museum boat Talinn 2011

Finland – Vesikko (1934-1946) Coastal Submarine LOA 134′ TDISP 300 tons submerged. Museum boat at Helsinki at the Finnish Military Museum.

Vesikko on display, July 2016, showing the camouflage scheme that appears in wartime photos. Credit: Zache, CC BY-SA 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Vesikko sub museum Helsinki 2015

Libya – Foxtrot class Project 641. (6, 4 scrapped, 1 may be semi-operational, 1 appears to have sunk at Al Khums in mid-2014) LOA 300′ TDISP 2,500 tons submerged. Foxtrot SS Bengazi 2021Foxtrot SS Al Khums 2014Foxtrot SS Al Khums 2019

Ukraine – Zaporizya U-01 Foxtrot class  Project 641 (1997-ca. 2014) LOA 300′ TDISP 2,500 tons submerged. Formerly B-435 (1971-1997) when it was partitioned to the new Ukrainian Navy. Long periods of inoperability, and gradual refitting. This submarine was seized by Russian forces during the 2014 Crimean seizure of the region.

Zaporizhya foxtrot sub
Zaporizhya Foxtrot class submarine, ca. 2012. Credit: Pavlo1 at Ukrainian Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Zaporizya U-01 Foxtrot class Sub Sevastopol 2020

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