Russian Navy / Soviet Navy Submarines 19 submarine classes documented with 49 captures.
Ballistic Missile Nuclear-powered Submarines (SSBN)
Typhoon Class / Project 941 Akula SSBN (1 active, 2 in reserve, 3 scrapped) World’s largest submarines LOA 574′ TDISP 47,000 tons submerged
TK-208 Dmitry Donskoy (1981) In active service with Northern Fleet, upgraded
TK-17 Arkhangelsk (1987) and TK-18 Severstal (1989) Both in reserve since 2006TK-202 (1983) Scrapped at Severodvinsk 2002-2005 with US financial aid
Delta III and IV Classes / Project 667BDR Kalmar and Project 667BDRM Delfin SSBN LOA 520′ TDISP 18,200 tons submerged (21, approx.7 active)
Podmoskovye BS-64 / Project 09787 Special Mission Submarine modified Delta IV Class (1986, modified 2016 – lengthened) new LOA 571′ – science vessel with the ability to berth deep submergence submarines like the Losharik (see bottom of listing for this submersible).Borei Class / Project 955 SSBN LOA 557′ TDISP 24,000 tons submerged (4-3 active) Borei II class /Project 955A variant has a more streamlined missile compartment, different rudder fins, and a sail that does not project forwards at the top.
Knyaz Vladimir K-549 (2019) – Borei II, sea trials
Knyaz Oleg (2020) Borei II. Launched from SEVMASH shipyards, Severodvinsk in July 2020.
Yuriy Dolgorukiy K-535 (2013)
Alexander Nevsky K-550 (2013)
Yankee Class / Project 667A SSBN LOA 433′ – 520′ (several variants) TDISP 9,400 tons submerged (34, 1, K-219, lost, rest retired and scrapped)
K-403 Kazan “Big Nose” – Project 09780 Akson-2 – (1971 – ca. 2008) LOA ca. 505′ one of last Yankees, experimental boat for trials of new Irtysh sonar, dismantled 2010 at Severodvinsk.
Cruise Missile Nuclear-powered (SSGN) and conventionally-powered (SSG) submarines
Oscar II Class / Project 949A SSGN LOA 508′ maximum TDISP 19,400 tons submerged (12 built: 8 active, 1 fitting out as special mission variant, 2 scrapped, 1 lost)
Belgorod K-329 (launched 2019, projected to enter service 2020) Project 09852 Heavily modified research “science” submarine derived from an uncompleted Oscar II Class – World’s longest submarine LOA ca. 580′ TDISP unknown, likely around 24,000 tons submerged (identification from HI Sutton’s site Covert Shores).
Oscar I class / Project 949 SSGN LOA 469′ TDISP 16,500 tons submerged (2, both scrapped)
K-206 Murmansk (1983) and K-525 (1980) Arkhangelsk, both scrapped 2004-2011 Severodvinsk, with British financial assistance.
Juliett Class / Project 651 SSG LOA 298′ TDISP 4,100 tons submerged (16, all retired, 1 preserved)
K-24 (1965 – 1994) museum boat Peenemünde, Germany, U-boat Museum as “U-461”K-77 (1965 – 1992) – museum submarine Providence RI, USA, used as “K-19” in the movie Widowmaker, starring Harrison Ford, in Halifax NS. Purchased by Saratoga Museum and towed to Collier Point Park, displayed 2002-2007 . Sank 2007 at its moorings and was scrapped by 2009 after US navy divers raised most of the deteriorated sub.
Attack Submarines (SSN) Nuclear powered and (SS) conventional
Akula Class / Project 971 Shchuka-B SSN LOA 362-372′ TDISP 8,100 – 13,500 tons submerged (15 built over several variants, about 10 in service or refitting)
Kilo Class / Project 877 Paltus SS LOA 230 – 242′ TDISP 3,000 – 3,900 tons submerged (70 built, about 60 still in service with many navies)
ORP Orzel 291 (1986) As of 2020 this may be the oldest Kilo in service.
Tango Class / Project 641B SOM SS LOA 299′ TDISP 3,800 tons submerged (18, all retired, 3 preserved)
B-307 (1980 – 2001) Toyiatti Museum, Samara
B-396 (1980 – 2003) Moscow Naval MuseumB-515 (1976 – 2002) preserved in Hamburg U-boat museum
Foxtrot Class / Project 641 SS LOA 299′ TDISP 4,500 tons submerged (74, 7 preserved, 1 lost)
B-427 Scorpion (1971) – was a museum submarine beside the RMS Queen Mary, 1998-ca. 2012, but will now likely be scrappedB-39 (1967) museum submarine since 2005 at San Diego CA. Update Oct. 2021 the San Diego Maritime Museum has decided to scrap this boat.B-49 (1967) waiting for restoration near Strood on Medway River, UK, since 2003. Known as “U-475 Black Widow”, and confusingly has also been known as B-39 (not to be confused with the San Diego boat).B-413 (1968-1999) Museum boat at Museum of the World’s Oceans, KaliningradB-440 (1970-1998) B-440 Museum boat, on display in Vytegra.B-821 (1965-1995) Museum boat at Zeebrugge, Belgium, scrapped in 2019
INS Kursura S-20 (1969-2001) Variant of Foxtrot design for Indian Navy. Museum boat.
Zulu Class / Project 611 SS LOA 295′ TDISP 2,400 tons submerged (26 built, 1 known to still exist) 6 boats modified to take missiles (5 of which are called Zulu V boats)
B-80 (1957 – 1990) sold to Dutch entrepreneurs, to Den Helder where it was briefly a floating bar, then to Amsterdam, several efforts to convert or preserve it failed.
Romeo Class SS LOA 251′ TDISP 1,800 tons submerged (133 built)
Slava 84 (transferred to Bulgarian Navy, service 1986-2011)
S-49 (1961-ca. 2019) Sevastopol Bay, modification of design in 1972 to Project 633RV, with larger 650 mm tubes fitted above bow for test anti-submarine guided missiles “Veter” (NATO SS-N-16 “Stallion”). Two of the 533mm tubes were also retrofitted to fire the similar “Vodopad” ASW missiles. Decommissioning date based on russianships.info entry.
Whiskey Class/ Project 613B SS LOA 249′ TDISP 1,300 submerged (236 built-21 in China, 2 preserved)
Ex-S-290 transferred to Indonesia as KRI Pasopati (1952 – 1994) museum boat since 1998, Surabaya.S-189 (1954-1990) Museum boat Saint Petersburg
Rrufeja 514 (1956-1995) originally Soviet S-360, one of 4 boats ceded to Albania. Museum boat, Pasha Liman naval base.
Quebec Class Coastal submarine LOA 184′ TDISP 540 tons submerged (30 built, 2 preserved)
M-296 also called M-305 on display as a memorial in Odessa, Ukraine (dates of service not known)M-261 (1955) Weapons of Victory Museum, Krasnodor
K-Class SS LOA 320′ TDISP 2,600 submerged (12, 5 sunk during Second World War, 1 preserved)
K-21 (1941 – 1959) training boat ca. 1960 – 1980, Memorial boat in Severomorsk since 1983
S-Class “Stalinets” attack submarines LOA 255′ TDISP Submerged 1,050 tons (56 built, several war losses, some boats transferred post-war to People’s Liberation Army Navy (China)
S-56 (1941-1955) Museum boat, Vladivostok.
Dekabrist class LOA 249′ TDISP 1,300 tons submerged (6 built, 4 lost, 1 preserved)
D-2 Narodovolyets (1931-1987) 1956-87 Training ship in Kronstadt. Museum / memorial boat near Saint Petersburg, since 1994
Deep Submergence nuclear powered submarine
Losharik unique deep diving nuclear-powered submarine (2003) LOA 240′ TDISP 2,100 tons submerged. For special missions, can be fitted to both Podmoskovye and Belgorod submarines (see above). This boat was extensively damaged and 14 crew members killed 1 July 2019, reportedly in Ura Bay. It appears to have been operating near a mothership at the time.