Russian Navy / Soviet Navy Submarines 25 submarine classes documented with 61 captures.
Ballistic Missile Nuclear-powered Submarines (SSBN)
Check out our 2022 comparative overview post on World ballistic missile boats.
Borei Class / Project 955 SSBN LOA 557′ / 169.8 m TDISP 24,000 tons submerged (5 active, 5 building, 2 more planned) 16 MIRV-equipped SLBM tubes/boat. The fourth boat, Knyaz Vladimir K-549, and later boats are Borei II class /Project 955A variant with a more streamlined missile compartment, different rudder fins, and a sail that does not project forwards at the top.
Knyaz Vladimir K-549 (2019) – Borei II, sea trials
Knyaz Oleg (2020) Borei II. Launched from SEVMASH shipyards, Severodvinsk in July 2020.
Yuriy Dolgorukiy K-535 (2013)
Alexander Nevsky K-550 (2013)
Delta III and IV Classes / Project 667BDR Kalmar and Project 667BDRM Delfin SSBN LOA 520′ / 158.5 m TDISP 18,200 tons submerged (21, approx.7 or less active, 2 converted to other roles) 16 MIRV-equipped SLBM tubes/boat
Podmoskovye BS-64 / Project 09787 Special Mission Submarine modified Delta IV Class (1986, modified 2016 – lengthened) new LOA 571′ / 174 m – science vessel with the ability to berth deep submergence submarines like the Losharik (see bottom of listing for this submersible).
Typhoon Class / Project 941 Akula SSBN (1 active, 2 in reserve, 3 scrapped) World’s largest submarines LOA 574′ / 175 m TDISP 48,000 tons submerged. 20 MIRV-equipped SLBM tubes/boat. Last boat used as a test bed.
TK-208 Dmitry Donskoy (1981) In active service with Northern Fleet, upgraded
TK-17 Arkhangelsk (1987) and TK-20 Severstal (1989) Both in reserve since 2006. TK-20 mislabeled as TK-18 in below capture.TK-202 (1983) Scrapped at Severodvinsk 2002-2005 with US financial aid
Yankee Class / Project 667A SSBN LOA 433-520′ / 132-158.5 m (several variants) TDISP 9,400 tons submerged (34, 1, K-219, lost, rest retired and scrapped) 16 SLBM tubes/boat (Yankee I)
K-403 Kazan “Big Nose” – Project 09780 Akson-2 – (1971 – ca. 2008) LOA ca. 505′ / 153.9 m one of last Yankees, experimental boat for trials of new Irtysh sonar, dismantled 2010 at Severodvinsk.
Cruise Missile Nuclear-powered (SSGN) and conventionally-powered (SSG) submarines
Oscar II Class / Project 949A SSGN LOA 508′ / 154.8 m maximum TDISP 19,400 tons submerged (12 built: 8 active, 1 fitting out as special mission variant, 2 scrapped, 1 lost)
Belgorod K-329 (launched 2019, projected to enter service 2020) Project 09852 Heavily modified research “science” submarine derived from an uncompleted Oscar II Class – World’s longest submarine LOA ca. 580′ / 176.8 m TDISP unknown, likely around 24,000 tons submerged (identification from HI Sutton’s site Covert Shores).
Oscar I class / Project 949 SSGN LOA 469′ / 143 m TDISP 16,500 tons submerged (2, both scrapped)
K-206 Murmansk (1983) and K-525 (1980) Arkhangelsk, both scrapped 2004-2011 Severodvinsk, with British financial assistance.
Juliett Class / Project 651 SSG LOA 298′ / 90.8 m TDISP 4,100 tons submerged (16, all retired, 1 preserved)
K-24 (1965 – 1994) museum boat Peenemünde, Germany, U-boat Museum as “U-461”K-77 (1965 – 1992) – museum submarine Providence RI, USA, used as “K-19” in the movie Widowmaker, starring Harrison Ford, in Halifax NS. Purchased by Saratoga Museum and towed to Collier Point Park, displayed 2002-2007 . Sank 2007 at its moorings and was scrapped by 2009 after US navy divers raised most of the deteriorated sub.
Attack Submarines (SSN) Nuclear powered and (SS) conventional
Akula Class / Project 971 Shchuka-B SSN LOA 362-372′ / 110.3-113.4 m TDISP 8,100 – 13,500 tons submerged (15 built over several variants, about 10 in service or refitting)
Sierra Class / Project 945 LOA 351-360′ / 107-109.7 m TDISP 9,000 tons submerged. (4, 2 active, 2 Sierra class and 2 Sierra II class with extended sail, service since 1984)
Victor I Class / Project 671 Yorsh SSN LOA 305′ / 93 m TDISP 7,200 tons submerged. (16 all retired, service 1967)
November Class / Project 627 Kit SSN LOA ca. 355′ / 108.2 m TDISP 4,300 tons submerged (14, all retired, 1 preserved, service 1959-1990)
K-3 Leninsky Komsomol original Project 627 boat (1957-1988) preserved for future museum boat near Murmansk.
St. Petersburg / Lada Project 677 Class SS LOA 236′ / 71.9 m TDISP 2,700 tons submerged (2 active, 2 building)
Kilo Class / Project 877 Paltus SS LOA 230-242′ / 70.1-73.8 m TDISP 3,000 – 3,900 tons submerged (70 built, about 60 still in service with many navies)
B-871 Alrosa (1990( only Kilo in service that is equipped with a pump jet propulsor. Ukrainian Navy service 1991-1997. Long service in Black Sea Fleet.
RP Orzel 291 (1986) As of 2020 this may be the oldest Kilo in service.
Tango Class / Project 641B SOM SS LOA 299′ / 91.1 m TDISP 3,800 tons submerged (18, all retired, 3 preserved)
B-307 (1980 – 2001) Toyiatti Museum, Samara
B-396 (1980 – 2003) Moscow Naval MuseumB-515 (1976 – 2002) preserved in Hamburg U-boat museum
Foxtrot Class / Project 641 SS LOA 299′ / 91.1. m TDISP 4,500 tons submerged (74, 7 preserved, 1 lost)
B-427 Scorpion (1971) – was a museum submarine beside the RMS Queen Mary, 1998-ca. 2012, but will now likely be scrappedB-39 (1967) museum submarine since 2005 at San Diego CA. Update Oct. 2021 the San Diego Maritime Museum has decided to scrap this boat.B-49 (1967) waiting for restoration near Strood on Medway River, UK, since 2003. Known as “U-475 Black Widow”, and confusingly has also been known as B-39 (not to be confused with the San Diego boat).B-413 (1968-1999) Museum boat at Museum of the World’s Oceans, KaliningradB-440 (1970-1998) B-440 Museum boat, on display in Vytegra.B-821 (1965-1995) Museum boat at Zeebrugge, Belgium, scrapped in 2019
INS Kursura S-20 (1969-2001) Variant of Foxtrot design for Indian Navy. Museum boat.
Zulu Class / Project 611 SS LOA 295′ / 89.9 m TDISP 2,400 tons submerged (26 built, 1 known to still exist) 6 boats modified to take missiles (5 of which are called Zulu V boats)
B-80 (1957 – 1990) sold to Dutch entrepreneurs, to Den Helder where it was briefly a floating bar, then to Amsterdam, several efforts to convert or preserve it failed. Scrapped at Vlaardingen during 2020.
Romeo Class SS LOA 251′ / 76.5 m TDISP 1,800 tons submerged (133 built)
Slava 84 (transferred to Bulgarian Navy, service 1986-2011)
S-49 (1961-ca. 2019) Sevastopol Bay, modification of design in 1972 to Project 633RV, with larger 650 mm tubes fitted above bow for test anti-submarine guided missiles “Veter” (NATO SS-N-16 “Stallion”). Two of the 533mm tubes were also retrofitted to fire the similar “Vodopad” ASW missiles. Decommissioning date based on russianships.info entry.
Bravo Class/Project 690 Kefal LOA 240′ / 73.2 m TDISP 2,900 tons submerged. (4 built, 1 derelict left, in Kherson, Ukraine, service 1967-1995). Intended as an ASW training submarine, with combat capability.
Whiskey Class/ Project 613B SS LOA 249′ / 75.9 m TDISP 1,300 submerged (236 built-21 in China, 2 preserved)
Ex-S-290 transferred to Indonesia as KRI Pasopati (1952 – 1994) museum boat since 1998, Surabaya.S-189 (1954-1990) Museum boat Saint Petersburg
S-174 (1953-1993) also known as U-359. Museum boat at Nakshov, Denmark from 1994-2010. Scrapped at Fredrikshavn, 2011. Originally intended to represent the peace between East and West.
Rrufeja 514 (1956-1995) originally Soviet S-360, one of 4 boats ceded to Albania. Museum boat, Pasha Liman naval base.
Training submarines based an old Whiskey class hulls. According to @TheSubHunter1 (twitter) this is UTS-247, originally S-229 (1955).
Quebec Class Coastal submarine LOA 184′ / 56.1 m TDISP 540 tons submerged (30 built, 2 preserved)
M-296 also called M-305 on display as a memorial in Odessa, at the Museum of the Heroic Defense of Odessa, Ukraine (dates of service not known)M-261 (1955) Weapons of Victory Museum, Krasnodor
K-Class SS LOA 320′ / 97.5 m TDISP 2,600 submerged (12, 5 sunk during Second World War, 1 preserved)
K-21 (1941 – 1959) training boat ca. 1960 – 1980, Memorial boat in Severomorsk since 1983
S-Class “Stalinets” attack submarines LOA 255′ / 77.7 m TDISP Submerged 1,050 tons (56 built, several war losses, some boats transferred post-war to People’s Liberation Army Navy (China)
S-56 (1941-1955) Museum boat, Vladivostok.
Dekabrist class LOA 249′ / 75.9 m TDISP 1,300 tons submerged (6 built, 4 lost, 1 preserved)
D-2 Narodovolyets (1931-1987) 1956-87 Training ship in Kronstadt. Museum / memorial boat near Saint Petersburg, since 1994
Sarov / Project 20120 test boat (2008) LOA 322′ / 98.1 m TDISP unknown. According to analyst HI Sutton, this boat is equipped with a small nuclear reactor, which powers the electric-drive motors. This is a test boat for KANYON “Poseidon” long-range nuclear armed, nuclear-powered torpedo. This boat is based out of the Zvezdochka shipyard, Severodvinsk.
Deep Submergence nuclear powered submarine
Losharik unique deep diving nuclear-powered submarine (2003) LOA 240′ / 73.2 m TDISP 2,100 tons submerged. For special missions, can be fitted to both Podmoskovye and Belgorod submarines (see above). This boat was extensively damaged and 14 crew members killed 1 July 2019, reportedly in Ura Bay. It appears to have been operating near a mothership at the time.