Russian Navy – Corvettes and Patrol Vessels

Russian Corvettes

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Steregushchiy class / Project 20380 LOA 343′ / 104.5 m TDISP  2,200 tons (7 active, more building)Steregushchiy class corvette Rybachiy2019Steregushchiy class Vladivostok 2019Steregushchiy class corvette Komsomolsk-on-Amu.jpg

Patrol Vessels

Project 22160 Class Large Patrol Boat LOA 308′ / 93.9 m TDISP ca. 1,500 tons (2 active, 3 building)

Project 22160 corvette 1024px-«Дмитрий_Рогачёв»
Dmitriy Rogachyov 375 (not yet commissioned) in Sevastopol, 2019. Credit:, CC BY 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Vasily Bykov (2018) and Dmitriy Rogachev (2019) Novorossiysk, Black Sea Fleet. Project 22160 corvettes Novorossiysk 2018

Buyan and Buyan-M Class LOA 203′ / 61.9 m and 246′ / 75 m TDISP 950 tons (10 active, 5 building)

Buyan-M sub-class / Project 21631 corvettes LOA 246′ / 75 m TDISP 950 tons: Grad Sviyazhsk, Uglich, Velikiy Ustyug (all commissioned into Caspian Sea Fleet 2014) (9 active, 3 building)

Buyan-M Tartus syria 2020 Buyan M class corvettes Makhachkala 2019Buyan-M Sevastopol 2018

Buyan sub-class / Project 21630 LOA 203′ / 61.9 m TDISP 520 tons (3 active) buyan and buyan M class corvettes Makhachkala 2021

Karakurt Class / Project 22800 LOA 220′ / 67.1 m TDISP 860 tons (9 in service since 2018, 7 more planned). Length may be over-reported based on length of More shipyard, Feodosia vessel. Karakurt class MB Feodosia 2018

Parchim Class / Project 1331M LOA 236′ / 71.9 m TDISP 950 tons (28 built, about 14 still active, mostly in Indonesia, 6 may still be active with Russia) Built in the Former German Democratic Republic (East Germany) for the Soviet Navy. Many were sold to the Indonesian Navy in 1992 and serve as the “Kapitan Patimura” class, and have been upgraded.

Formerly Parchim, now KRI Sutedi Senoputra (378), Indian Navy / GODL-India

Parchim class Indonesia 2019

Grisha Class / Project 1124 Albatros, several subclasses LOA 235′ / 71.6 m TDISP 1,000 tons (20 active, 66 retired)

Grisha profile ALL HANDS OCT 1987 p49
Profile US Navy, public domain, from All Hands Magazine Oct. 1987 edition p49.

Grisha V 2048px-Project_1124M_Suzdalets_2009_G1
Grisha V class corvette in Sevastopol 1990. Credit: George Chernilevsky [Public domain]
Grisha II class / Project 1124P, originally designed for Soviet KGB border forces. Distinguishable by the additional 57mm turret in the bows.Ukrainian Grisha II class Odessa 2018

Grisha III class / Project 1124MLithuanian Navy Grisha III class corvettes Klaipėda 2003

Grisha III corvette Novorossiysk 2018
This could also be a Grisha V class as well.
Soviet Grisha Class 1983 NARA: 330-CFD-DN-SN-83-06761

Grisha V class / Project 1124 ME / MU

Ternopil U-209 Ukrainian Navy (2006-2014, seized by Russia at Sevastopol)

Ternopil U-209, ca. 2006. / CC BY (
Ukrainian Grisha class Sevastopol 2014
This is most likely Ternopil U-209 a Grisha V class, given the position amongst Ukranian Navy ships, during Russian the annexation / seizure. This ship was seized and not returned, and appears to have been cannibalized for parts.

Nanuchka Class / Project 1234 Ovod, Nanuchka III variant LOA 195′ / 59.4 m TDISP 660 tons (12 active, 5 lost, 30 retired)

Nanuchka I class corvette in the Mediterranean, 1986. The later Nanuchka III types had a single AK-176 turret at the stern. NARA: 330-CFD-DN-ST-86-11087

Nanuchka Class corvettes 2019 PetropavlovskNanuchka Class corvette 2018 Petropavlovsk

Tarantul Class / Project 1241 LOA 184′ / 56.1 m TDISP 540 tons (ca. 22 in service many retired, many sold to export)

Tarantul class lines ORP Okręty-projektu-1241-sylwetka
Outline of a Polish Tarantul class missiBiuro Prasowe Marynarki Wojennej, CC BY-SA 2.5 , via Wikimedia Commons
Tarantul III class escorting US warships USS Reuben James FFG-57 and USS Princeton CG-59 after a goodwill visit, to Vladivostok, 1990 NARA: 330-CFD-DN-ST-91-00740 PH1 Salois
Hiddensee Tarantul Class Battleship cove MA 2013
Hiddensee, a Tarantul I class, has an interesting history, having been built in the Soviet Union and transferred and commissioned in the East German Navy in 1985 as Rudolf Egelhofer. After German unification, she was renamed Hiddensee. She ended her career in United States Naval service for evaluation purposes as USNS Hiddensee, and in 1997 and is now a museum ship at Battleship Cove, Fall River MA.

tarantul class corvettes Sevastopol 2017

Tarantul class corvette Makhachkala 2019
Note also FSB Rubin class patrol boat in light livery at top of this capture.

ORP Metalowiec 436 (1987-2013) AND ORP Rolnik 437 (1989-2013) (Polish Navy)

ORP Metalowiec, ca. 2008. Credit:, Attribution, via Wikimedia Commons

Tarantul class ORP Metalowiec and Rolnik Gdynia poland 2008

Matka Class / Project 206MR Missile Boat LOA 127′ / 38.7 m TDISP 250 tons. Hydrofoil missile boat based on technology of Turya class torpedo boats, but with two conspicuous SS-N-2 missile tubes near the stern. (12, most retired, 1 active with Ukrainian Navy, 1 lost in combat – Georgian Navy – 1 preserved)

Pryluky U-153 (originally Russian Navy P-262) (1980) transferred to Ukrainian Navy on the partition of the Black Sea fleet.

Pryluky Matka missile boat Ракетний_катер_«Прилуки»_ВМС_ЗС_України_провів_перші_ходові_випробування_(27379947786)
Pryluky U-153, Matka class missile boat at Odessa. Credit: Ministry of Defense of Ukraine, CC BY-SA 2.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Matka class missile boat odessa 2018Matka class missile boat odessa 2019

P-50 (706) (1978-2014) Museum boat in Engels, Russia, since 2015Matka class missile boat engels Russia 2018

Osa Class / Project 205 Moskit Missile boat (several variants) 127′ / 38.7 m TDISP ca. 200 tons (1960 – present) still in service with former USSR navies and in North Korea. Original Osa class have large bin shaped missile tubes for their complement of STYX anti-ship missiles, while Osa II class (such as those in service with Vietnamese Navy) have more cylindrical designs.

Soviet Osa II class underway, 1982 NARA: 330-CFD-DN-ST-82-05659
OSA I class missile boat, 1983 NARA: 330-CFD-DN-ST-84-01647 PH2 Beech

OSA 1 Gdynia poland 2008

ORP_Władysławowo OSA1
ORP Wladyslawowo, OSA 1 class, ca. 2010. Credit: Topory, CC BY 3.0 <;, via Wikimedia Commons

Osa Class missile boats Nampo NK 2018

OSA II class missile boat, 1984 NARA: 330-CFD-DN-SN-84-10424

Osa II class missile boats Da Nang 2019

Osa 1 class launching a STYX anti-ship missile. Credit: Bergenbier, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Dergach/Bora Class / Project 1239 Hoverborne Missile Corvette (1997 – present) LOA 215′ / 65.5 m TDISP 1,050 tons (2 active with Black Sea Fleet) large catamaran design.

Dergach-Bora Project1239-drawing-2010
Plan of the Dergach / Bora class corvette Bora 615 Credit: Alexpl, CC BY-SA 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Bora 615 (1997) and Samum 616 (2000)

Samum ca. 2010 Credit: A. Blinov CC BY 4.0

Dergach class hovercorvette 2 sevastopol 2014Dergach class hovercorvette sevastopol 2018Dergach class hovercorvette 2 sevastopol 2018

Komar Class / Project 183R LOA 83′ / 25.3 m TDISP 66 tons first missile boat in World.

A Soviet-built Komar fast attack missile boat underway in the Mediterranean, ca. 1986. NARA: 330-CFD-DN-ST-86-11191

Komar Missile boats Mugye-ho NK 2019Komar Missile boat Nampo 2019

Torpedo Boats

Turya Class / Project 206M Hydrofoil Torpedo Boat. LOA 130′ / 39.6 m TDISP 250 tons. About 50 built,  Possibly 3 still in service with the Caspian Sea Flotilla, a pair may be in Latvian Navy service, about 10 produced in a simplified export version, the Project 206 ME. Five of these still in service with Vietnamese Navy. Distinctive features are the hydroplanes on either side of the bridge, the angled torpedo tubes, and the (large for the size) twin 57mm gun turret near the stern.

A Cuban Navy Turya Class Hydrofoil Torpedo Boat, flying on its hydroplanes, 1984. NARA: 330-CFD-DN-SN-84-10426
Turya Hydrofoils Da Nang 2017
Note the comparison of the Turya class hydrofoil torpedo boats and the similarly sized Osa II class missile boat at bottom.
Turya Hydrofoils Da Nang 2018
Although the resolution is typically bad, this more oblique view shows the hydroplanes projecting from outwards from the side level with the bridge. The large 57mm twin gun just aft of the awning is also a distinctive feature.

Turya Hydrofoils Da Nang 2019

Soviet Turya class boat, 1985 NARA: 330-CFD-DN-SN-86-00961

Shershen class / Project 206 Shtorm Torpedo boats LOA 112′ / 34.1 m TDISP 170 tons

Shershen DDR Typenblatt-TS_Boot_206
Shershen class of the East German Navy. Credit: Ebs08, CC BY 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Shershen class Munchon 2019

P-4 / Project 123bis LOA 63′ / 19.2 m TDISP 21 tons (late 1940s until late 1970s, served longer as exports)

P-4 / Project 123 monument, Kaliningrad. ca. 2007. Credit: One half 3544, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

P-4 class Project 123 torpedo boat memorial Kalningrad 2018P-4 class Project 123 torpedo boat memorial Novorossiysk2020

G-5 type TB LOA ca. 62′ / 19m TDISP 16 tons (service 1934-1950s, 300 built, exported to North Korea, some units captured) Besides a North Korean example in a museum, this boat is the only known example, and was salvaged from the bay in Sevastopol in 2020 to be a museum boat.

model of a G-5 type built by Hristo Stefanov Boevski. Torpedoes would likely face forwards. Credit: Dimitǎr Boevski, CC BY-SA 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

G-5 torpedo boat sevastopol 2020

Patrol/Assault Boats

Grachonok class / Project 21980 Anti-sabotage boat LOA 101’/ 31m TDISP 130 tons (24 active service since 2009) Grachonok class PB Makhachkala 2021

Raptor class / Project 03160 PB LOA 55′ / 16.9 m TDISP 23 tons (14 active, 3 destroyed during War in Ukraine, service since 2014)

Raptor Assault Boat, ca. 2020. Credit: Okras, CC BY-SA 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Raptor Assault Boat Sevastopol 2020

River Monitors

Zhelezniakov SB-37 class Monitor (1936-1958) museum ship since 1967) LOA 168′ / 51.2 m TDISP 260 tons only wartime survivor of 6 ships.

Zhelezniakov Monitor, ca. 2014, Rybalski Island Sailor’s Monument, Kiev. Credit: Matvey Andreyev, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Zhelezniakov Monitor Kiev 2019

Project 1124 small monitor /gunboat LOA 83′ / 25.3 m TDISP 50 tons.Project 1124 river gunboat Moscow museum 2020

Project 1125 BK class small monitor/gunboat LOA 74′ / 22.6 m TDISP 336 tons. Distinctive feature from larger project 1124 monitors is the single large turret in the bow (no second turret at stern) which is can be either a 76mm or 85mm turret from a T-34 tank.

BK-1 class armoured boat, on display at Kiev, ca. 2011. The bow turret is clearly the T-34/85 variety. Credit: DAVID HOLT, CC BY-SA 2.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Project 1125 river gunboat Ukrainian Museum Kiev 2019Project 1124 river gunboat Yeysk monument 2020 Project 1125 river gunboat memorial Blagoveshchensk 2017

Submarine Chasers and Minesweepers (this may be broken out to its own page)

Natya Class / Project 266M Akvamarin  LOA 210′ / 62m TDISP 870 tons (45 built, service with several navies, 8 or less left in Russian service, service since 1970)

Natya class MS Sevastopol 2021

T-43 Class / Project 254 Minesweeper LOA 190′ / 57.9 m TDISP 570 tons (Many exported – 4 ships to Albania, non-active) AND Kronshtadt Class / Project 122bis submarine chaser LOA 171′ TDISP ca. 300 tons many exported

Albanian Navy M-111, a T-43 class Minesweeper. Gerd 72 Public domain

Ships_at_Pashaliman[Detail of]
This remarkable view of Pashaliman, ca 2008, shows both the T-43 Minesweeper (before it sank at its dock), at left, and the Kronshtadt-class submarine chaser at right. [Detail of] Albinfo / CC BY-SA
Soviet Minesweepers T-43 and Kronshtadt Albania 2007Soviet Minesweepers T-43 and Kronshtadt Albania 2017

T-43 minesweeper Shëngjin, Albania 2012
From images online of Shëngjin, this is M-111, in a heavily deteriorated state.
A Russian minesweeper steaming in front of HMS HERMES. Oct. 1966 in Scottish waters. © IWM A 35058

T-43 minesweeper Durres, Albania 2002

Albanian Navy Kronshtadt-class submarine chaser, at Pasha Liman, ca. 2007. Possibly same vessel in capture. Credit: Gerd 72 / CC BY 

Fugas class/Tral type Minesweeper (Project 53) LOA 202′ / 61.6 m TDISP 650. (up to 44 built, many lost in Second World War) Two Soviet Fugas class Tral-type minesweepers, active since 1938, were transferred to North Korea in 1953. One unit may still be active even today.

T-Class patrol combatant, ca. 1993. The unit was built in 1938 for the Russian Navy and transferred to North Korea during the mid-1950s. It appears to have some type of tank turret in the bow position, which could be a T-55 turret or a Chinese 100mm gun. Incredibly, this unit may still be active. NARA: USN 330-CFD-DN-SC-94-01225
Sariwon class corvette Wonsan North Korea 2019
Although labelled Sariwon, further analysis suggests this is one of the original T-class Soviet minesweepers.

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