Battlecruisers (Russia is the only naval power to operate anything in this class)
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Kirov class / Project 1144 Orlan Battlecruiser LOA 827′ / 252.1 m TDISP 28,000 tons (4 built, 1 active, 1 refitting) These are classified as Heavy Nuclear-powered Missile Cruisers. However, by their massive size, many observers and sources describe these as “battlecruisers” (not the early 20th Century conception of a fast, well armed and armoured, battleship-sized vessel) and we feel the term works to distinguish these from all other classes of more conventional cruiser.
Admiral Ushakov (formerly Kirov) (1980 – 1990) Retired, to be scrapped
Pyotr Velikiy (formerly Yuriy Andropov) (1996) Northern Fleet Flagship Admiral Lazarev (formerly Frunze) (1984 – 1999) Retired, currently scrapping.Admiral Nakhimov (formerly Kalinin) (1988) long rebuild/modernization at Severodvinsk 1999-ca. 2021. The ship was refloated in August, 2020 and will be undergoing new trials, for possible re-entry to service 2023 or earlier.